“The way to deal with this is to say that, as part of the future agreement, they must withdraw these clauses from the withdrawal agreement. The second way to measure whether it is a good deal or not is to test it against the alternative of having a withdrawal agreement at all under Article 50 and to negotiate our future relations with the EU after withdrawal. Unlike some of the deceptive horrors of an exit from the “no deal”, there is no legal obligation to have a withdrawal agreement to leave the EU, and no agreement before withdrawal prevents immediate negotiations on our future relations, coupled with short-term transitional agreements, in order to keep trade running during the talks. (2) Tariffs on all goods shipped from Great Britain to Northern Ireland The Protocol establishes the clear principle that NI is part of the CUSTOMS territory of the United Kingdom, so that goods can move from Great Britain to the NI without customs duties. However, there are provisions requiring the UK authorities to impose EU tariffs on “threatened” goods to cross the open border into the EU, with the idea that duties would be refunded at a later date if it is proven that the goods were consumed within the NI. The problem is that the circumstances under which goods should be considered “endangered” are not defined in the protocol and that a common agreement with the EU on the rules that would define it is necessary. These clauses are intended to protect the basic functioning of the UK internal market, since it operates between Great Britain and Northern Ireland if it is not possible to reach an agreement with the EU on the UK`s future relations and to authorise the granting of state aid to Britain as part of a framework for enforcing the rules established in that country and set by UK law on the internal market. instead of being subject to the control of the European Commission and the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice (ECJ). But there is a second reason, and more importantly. By law, the United Kingdom cannot ratify a withdrawal agreement under Article 50 without a law of application of Parliament being first enshrined in law. An implementing law has been developed, which would include at least 175 clauses and several timelines. And that money will be unconditional whether or not the EU offers the UK a satisfactory long-term trade deal.