The European concert was a response to the French Revolution. From the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1792 to Napoleon`s exile to St. Helena in 1815, Europe was almost constantly at war. All the European powers lacked the means, equipment and manpower necessary for the continuation of the fighting and were therefore looking for structures to avoid new conflicts. French military conquests had led to the spread of liberalism throughout much of the continent, including the adoption of reforms such as the Napoleonic Code. After the concert of Europe saw the French Revolution begin calls for fairly soft reforms, but quickly lead to radical democratic reforms and attacks on the aristocracy, the concert of Europe also attempted to put to death liberal and democratic movements throughout the continent. Finally, the French Revolution also offered a model for nationalist movements, and both sides in the Napoleonic Wars had attempted to exploit nationalist sentiments if it corresponded to their war goals. For example, in 1798, the French supported the nationalist insurrection in Ireland against the British and revived hopes for a Polish state by founding the Duchy of Warsaw in ethnically Polish countries to fight the Prussians, Russians, and Austrians. The Allies supported nationalist movements in Spain and Germany to promote resistance to the governments established by France. With the re-establishment of the Bourbon monarchy in France, the European concert was, in many ways, an attempt to return as much as possible to the status quo of Europe before 1789.  The Holy Alliance was the idea of Tsar Alexander I. He gained support because most European monarchs did not want to offend the tsar by refusing to sign it, and since he had personally tied monarchs to their governments, it was easy to ignore it once signed. Although it did not fit comfortably into the complex, sophisticated, and cynical network of power politics that embodied post-Napoleonic diplomacy, its influence was more enduring than contemporary critics expected and was revived in the 1820s as a tool of repression, when the conditions of the five-fold Alliance did not match the goals of some of the great European powers.
During the wars, Portugal lost its city of Olivenza to Spain and moved to have it restored. The tsar had three main objectives: to take control of Poland, to form an alliance capable of intervening and stopping revolutions against monarchies and traditionalism, and to promote the peaceful coexistence of European nations.